These guidelines have been drafted with the expertise of fine art in mind, but they may be useful for other kinds of collectibles. Please note that these guidelines suggest best practice. These guidelines do not suggest a “one-size-fits-all” solution. The verifications and guidelines that are relevant may vary on a case-by-case basis.

These guidelines have no legal effect and do not constitute legal advice. Experts are responsible for complying with legal obligations in the jurisdiction(s) in which they operate and must obtain their own legal advice in this respect.

Finally, these guidelines do not consider employment or insurance concerns for the professional activity of experts, nor deal with data protection rules that may apply.

Who should follow these guidelines?

The Guidelines are intended for any person who is asked to provide an analysis or expertise on a work of fine art (the “Expert”), including but not limited to: independent Experts, living artists, artists’ heirs, committees, foundations and authentication boards. In this context, Experts may be required to establish whether a work is by a specific artist (or not), or identifying the artist of a work.
Other persons involved in the art market (including, but not limited to dealers, auction houses, collectors, and art businesses providing ancillary services) may choose to adopt all or some of these guidelines as a matter of best practice.

1 – Qualifications of the Expert

2 – Communication and preparation of the expertise assignment

3 – Conflicts of interest

4 – Analysis

5 – Remuneration and disbursements of the Expert

6 – Records

7 – Relationship between Experts and third parties

8 – Liability of the Expert and dispute resolution

Appendix A: Technical analysis glossary



Sarah Allen, Hauser & Wirth
Anne Laure Bandle, Art Law Foundation
Karoline Beltinger, Swiss Institute for Art Research
Efinizia Morante, FineArt Advice SA
Anne-Claire Bisch, Ports Francs Et Entrepots De Geneve SA
Aude Lemogne, LINK Management
Janet Briner, FineArt Advice SA
Christel Johnsson, ARTEEZ Magazine
Isabelle Santoro, Geneva Fine Art Analysis